Common Conditions Treated

Frozen Shoulder

(medically referred to as adhesive capsulitis) A painful disorder where the shoulder capsule and the connective tissue surrounding the joint becomes inflamed, creating a restriction in the range of motion. The cause is unknown, but appears to follow trauma, injuries and overuse and can last from months to even years. It is thought that this may be an autoimmune disorder where the body attacks healthy tissue in the capsule and a lack of fluid in the joint causes even more restriction. Long term inflammation causes scar tissue which further restricts range of motion.

Treatment

Approach can include anti-inflammatory pain relievers, massage therapy and range of motion exercises. It has been our experience that due to the autoimmune and inflammation connection. It is best to treat it with low level laser therapy, as the laser balances the inflammation process and heals scar tissue in a non-invasive and painless treatment.

Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis

(RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints and can also cause inflammation of the tissue around the joints, as well as in other organs in the body. Treatment may include painkillers, steroids, anti inflammatory drugs and physical therapy. Nutrition can have a huge effect on the autoimmune and inflammation process. Laser Therapy has been very effective in treating the inflammation associated with arthritis.  We recommend that clients consult with a Rheumatologist to monitor ongoing treatment and care.

Osteoarthritis

(OA) which is more common, is caused by wear and tear within the joint cartilage that cushions the bones and joints and allows bones to glide over one another. When cartilage breaks down it results in bones rubbing together causing pain, swelling and stiffness. Bone spurs may develop and the ligaments and muscles surrounding the joint can become weak and stiff.

OA tends to be hereditary, but being overweight severely increases the risk of OA. Old sports injuries and long term use can lead to OA later in life.

Pain and stiffness are most common first thing in the morning, after exercise, or when placing weight or pressure on the joint. Joint movement may be accompanied by a rubbing or crackling sound.  Once the joint has warmed up from activity, pain and stiffness decrease.  Although in more severe cases, pain may increase with activity or at rest. Early detection can be seen on a X-Ray even before symptoms begin.
A physical examination can show:

  • Joint movement which may cause a cracking (grating) sound, called crepitation
  • Joint swelling (bones around the joints may feel larger than normal)
  • Limitations in range of motion
  • Tenderness when the joint is pressed
  • Normal movement is often painful

An x-ray of affected joints will show a loss of the joint space. In advanced cases, there will be a wearing down of the ends of the bone and bone spurs.There are no blood tests which are helpful in diagnosing OA.

Treatment

There is no cure for OA. However, the symptoms of OA can be controlled. Most doctors will recommend Tylenol at first because it has less side effects. Steroids can be injected into the joint.  However, the results are temporary and overdosage can be harmful.  Early treatment is essential.  At the Pain Relief Clinic, we use Matrix Repatterning to restructure the joint, and low level laser therapy to increase the cartilage. Taking supplements such as glucosomine and chrondroitin can be helpful.  Exercise, in particular, swimming and water exercises, can help to maintain the joints overall health and movement.

Knee Pain

Knee pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints.  Knee pain has a wide variety of specific causes and treatments.  The knee joint may seem like an ordinary joint that will bend and straighten. But the knee is more than just a simple hinge joint.  It also twists and rotates. In order to perform all of these actions and to support the entire body while doing so, the knee relies on a number of structures, including bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage. Injuries to the knee joint can be debilitating and can often lead to surgery.

Treatment

Approach is based on the cause. Acute injures are treated with low level laser therapy for speedy recovery and to help decrease reoccurrence. Treatment of chronic injuries may include laser therapy, as well as structural rebalancing with both the knee and compensatory structures.

Sports-related Injuries

Tendonitis

The tendon is a tough yet flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects the muscles to the bones. The tendon transmits the force from your muscles during activity. When the tendon is irritated (usually from overuse) it becomes inflamed, impairing the smooth gliding motion, replacing it with pain. Tendonitis is diagnosed with orthopaedic assessment, tenderness over the tendon, swelling, and pain with movement, especially with load. 

Some common names include golfers elbow, tennis elbow, patella tendon pain, carpel tunnel syndrome, plantar fasciitis, achilles tendonitis.

Treatment

At the Pain Relief Clinic, we recommend low level laser therapy and massage therapy as the most effective forms of treatment. Laser speeds up tissue healing and massage will lengthen the muscle on the tendon.

Sprain

A torn ligament is commonly referred to as a sprain.  Ligaments are fibrous tissue that attach bone to bone. They act as stability and shock absorbers. Ligaments have very little stretch to them, which is why a severe sprain can very easily become chronic.  Ligaments do not have the blood flow like muscles and smooth muscles, which is why laser therapy can be an incredible benefit for both chronic and acute injures. 

There are three levels of the severity of sprains:

First degree - only a few ligament fibres are damaged;

Second degree - more damaged fibres, and swelling is present;

Third degree - a complete rupture of the ligament with swelling and possible joint dislocation.

Treatment

Ice, rest and elevate the injured joint. A doctor may recommend an anti-inflammatory and pain killers.  Low level laser therapy and athletic taping are beneficial for both acute and chronic sprains. As with any injury, the sooner laser therapy is administered, the quicker the healing process can begin.  Once the pain has subsided we recommend strengthening exercises to help support the joint to avoid further injuries.

Strain

Also known as a muscle pull, a strain is a tear to the muscle. This usually involves a force trauma which causes the muscle fibres to pull apart from each other, or the muscles pull from the tendon attachment. There may be bruising present as small blood vessels can get damaged during an injury.

Treatment

Ice, rest and elevate the area (if possible).  Start low level laser therapy and athletic taping as soon as possible.  In a chronic injury scar tissue may develop in the muscle fibres and nerves. Deep tissue massage and laser therapy is effective.

Tendon tears

The tendon can tear from the bone.

Treatment

In severe tears where the entire tendon has been torn, surgery may be the only option. Where most of the fibres are still attached, low level laser therapy and massage therapy is beneficial to support healthy healing. 

Sciatica

Sciatica is pain or discomfort associated with injury or compression of the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower part of the spinal cord, down the back of the leg to the foot.  A sharp or burning pain radiates from the lower back or hip and usually follows the path of the sciatic nerve into the foot.

There are 2 types of sciatica - the first source from the spine itself and the second from trigger points in the muscle causing the referral, or compression from the muscle.

Treatment

Treatments may consist of pain killers, anti inflammatory medication, deep tissue massage, low level laser therapy, stretches, and exercises.  At the Pain Relief Clinic, our therapists will consult with the client to determine the root cause and provide the most appropriate treatment.

Headaches

Headaches are caused by muscle tension and vascular restriction or dilation.  This is known as a primary headache.  However, head pain is often a symptom of an underlying condition or illness.  This is referred to as a secondary headache. Headaches can have an enormous impact on our quality of life and on society in general due to missed workdays and decreased productivity.

At the Pain Relief Clinic we focus on finding the cause of the headache and treating the associated muscle tension. 

Migranes

Severe, reoccurring headaches that can last hours to days. Migraines usually affect one side of the head and are accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, visual disturbances and fatigue. The exact cause of migraines is unknown but research suggests an association with blood vessel contraction and dilation within the head itself. They may also be caused by diet, allergies, loud noises or any other physical or emotional stress.

Treatment

Treatment consists of matrix repatterning, and massage therapy, and most often emotional rebalancing.

Neck & Shoulder Pain

Neck pain is usually caused by poor posture or prolonged stress. Shoulder pain is usually caused by an increase in the physical demand of the joint.  Both types of pain can be caused by tension or damage to muscles in the area or compression and/or inflammation of the nerves in the area.

Treatment

Due to the many possible causes of pain in this area, we first carry out a full assessment to determine the root cause and offer a treatment plan best suited for each individual condition.

Low Back Pain

Most low back pain is caused by muscles tension/injury, herniated disks or compressed nerves.  It can also be caused by poor posture, arthritis or conditions of the actual spine or spinal column.

Treatment

Due to the many possible causes of pain in this area, we first carry out a full assessment to determine the root cause and offer a treatment plan best suited for each individual condition.